2010 canterbury earthquake deaths

8, 2014, pp. The Canterbury Earthquake Response and Recovery Act 2010 was a New Zealand statute designed to assist reconstruction after the 2010 Canterbury earthquake. Upload media Wikipedia: Instance of: earthquake: Location: Darfield, Selwyn District, Canterbury Region, New Zealand : Point in time: 3 September 2010 (2) Number of deaths: 1; … As at 9 February 2012, the official earthquake toll was 185 victims. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies, 2011-2 (Special Issue: A Focus on the Canterbury E, pp. How are they coping? The 4 September 2010 earthquake was the largest to affect a major urban area since the 7.8-magnitude shock that struck the Hawke’s Bay region on 3 February 1931. It was the first Canterbury earthquake which fair walloped Kaiapoi. It shook Cantabrians, their properties, their land and their lives. Providentially, there had been no direct loss of life. Some hadn’t finished their Friday night partying, while shift workers were already out and about. The aftershocks were so frequent that many households and workplaces made a kind of game of guessing their magnitude, depth and location. It was centred 40 km west of Christchurch, near the town of Darfield, at a depth of 10 km. 43, no. The earthquake was based near Darfield, about 40 kms west of Christchurch. On Saturday, September 4, 2010, New Zealanders woke to incredible images of upended and broken homes and distraught residents. [3], Several thousand residents sustained lesser injuries for which they sought medical help. The screen went blank, and our world cracked and roared, bucked and swayed, and our city began to fall down and apart. The earthquake shaking also produced liquefaction - ‘a liquid mush’ of soft sand and silt. From 4 September 2010 until 4 September 2011, there were around 9,000 aftershocks and earthquakes. Among them were the main homestead at Homebush, near Darfield and the epicentre; Ohinetahi homestead at Governors Bay, at the head of Lyttelton Harbour; and Knox Church in the Christchurch CBD. It was relatively shallow – around 10 km deep – and produced the strongest earthquake ground-shaking ever recorded in New Zealand. Before the 22 February 2011 earthquake, the cost of repairs and rebuilding was estimated at around $5 billion. It was the largest earthquake to affect a major urban area since the 1931 Hawke’s Bay earthquake. While many Wellingtonians did feel the earthquake, it was centred in Canterbury and experienced most strongly in that region. I was woken by what I thought was the worst shaking I have ever felt in my life, my husband and I woke and sat up at the exact same time, he yelled earthquake at me, I knew it was but still for a split second I wondered if he was right. It was based near Darfield but felt all over the South Island and in the lower part of the North Island. The Canterbury earthquake that took place on 22 February 2011 was one that left everyone in shock. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. [3] ‘Acknowledgement for Lill’, Mana Magazine, April-May 2011, pp. No one died as a direct result of the earthquake, and there were relatively few casualties. The 2010 Canterbury earthquake (also known as the Darfield earthquake) struck the South Island of New Zealand with a moment magnitude of 7.1 at 4:35am local time on 4 September, and had a maximum perceived intensity of X (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. But I must have then found out it was local.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/364/story/. It has been known as the Greendale, Darfield, Rolleston, September or Canterbury Earthquake. Her family tried to revive her and to contact emergency services on overloaded phone lines. The severest of those events were the earthquake (magnitude from 7.0 to … Our first neighbour – an elderly gentleman, whose wife is wheelchair-bound – was quite alright, but profoundly grateful that we came knocking on his door so soon to check on him. A magnitude 7.1 earthquake occurred near Christchurch at 4.35 a.m. on Saturday 4 September 2010. As Central City Business Association manager Paul Lonsdale told the Press at the time: It's been hard enough getting back on our feet after the first earthquake and we were just starting to get some normality back into customers' psyche and getting a bit of positivity back and this is just a blow…. [1] Casey Rowney, Panteá Farvid and Chris G. Sibley, ‘I laugh and say I have “earthquake brain!”’: resident responses to the September 2010 Christchurch earthquake’, New Zealand Journal of Psychology, vol. Despite being smaller on the Richter Scale, this second earthquake caused widespread … The energy chart shows how much energy has been released on a daily basis since September 2010 and also a count of how many earthquakes have occurred each day I’m certainly not in a rush for Mark to start working nights again. [4] David Johnston et al., ‘The 2010/2011 Canterbury Earthquakes: context and cause of injury’, Natural Hazards, January 2014. We could only fling out a hand, clutch an arm rest, call out, exclaim, gasp, wait …http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/702/story/. In an interview in Kaiapoi shakes, Rachel recalls seeing the gallery for the first time after the September quake, and the decision to close the business at the end of 2010: I opened the door and completely lost the plot. [1]. Strong aftershocks were reported, including ones of magnitude 5.3. At 4:35 am on Saturday 4 September 2010, the Canterbury region was rocked by a magnitude 7.1 earthquake. Most of the 185 deaths (72%) took place in the collapses of two multistory downtown buildings, designed and constructed in the mid-60s and mid-80 [s, respectively. Please ensure that you have JavaScript enabled in your browser. On 4 September 2010, a magnitude Mw 7.1 earthquake struck the Canterbury region on the South Island of New Zealand. Two people were seriously injured by falling buildings. Next we thought we might be needed at the neighbouring rest home. Thankfully, there were no deaths directly related to the quake itself, but a lot of damage was caused to roads and buildings, which is certainly take a long time to fix. September September 4 – 2010 Canterbury earthquake: A magnitude 7.1 earthquake strikes the South Island of New Zealand, including the city of Christchurch, causing widespread damage and power outages. At 4.35 a.m. on 4 September 2010, the Canterbury region was struck by a large (magnitude 7.1) earthquake. 4 September 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake 1 This survey was part of a Master of Emergency Management research report to develop recommendations to enhance companion animal … I’d told the kids before that it would be all right but the reality was so different. It was a feeling that you would normally experiences on a roller coaster on the Gold Coast. The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake (Te Ara), Canterbury District Health Board, media updates, 4-9 September 2010, Christchurch City Council, media releases, Stan Darling and Jackie Watson, Kaiapoi shakes: interviews with Kaiapoi residents affected by the September 2010 earthquake, Jackie Watson, Christchurch, 2012, pp. A 2012 Reserve Bank report concluded that Canterbury’s economy had proved ‘reasonably resilient to the impact of the earthquakes’, and that ‘the spill over to other regions’ was limited. There was one important difference-this time there has been no loss of life. The 2010 Canterbury earthquake measured 7.1 on the Richter Scale and struck the South Island of New Zealand at 4:35 am on the 4th of September 2010. Some went sightseeing in quake-damaged areas. It was based near Darfield but felt all over the South Island and in the lower part of the North Island. Do it here. Because this earthquake happened at night, when most people were in their beds, there were not many people injured by falling buildings or landslides. [2]. It was the first Canterbury earthquake which fair walloped Kaiapoi. There confusion reigned supreme. If you are still seeing this message and JavaScript is enabled in your browser then please either contact the library or fill in our technical support form and we will try to fix the problem. When the earthquake struck, Lill suffered a heart attack. http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/82/story/According to the earthquake drums [seismographs] it lasted about a minute, but it felt much longer! Potter, J.S. But the region breathed a sigh of relief. The 2010 Canterbury earthquake measured 7.1 on the Richter Scale and struck the South Island of New Zealand at 4:35 am on the 4th of September 2010. For a week after the earthquake, everybody had to boil their tap water before they could use it. On 4 September 2010 a moment magnitude (M w) 7.1 earthquake occurred near the small town of Darfield in the Canterbury Plains of the South Island of New Zealand (; Fig. The region’s port and airport remained operational, and its manufacturing hub did not sustain significant damage, minimising the disruption to ‘industrial production and good exports and activity’. 48, no. [5] Rowney, Farvid and Sibley, ‘I laugh and say I have “earthquake brain!”’, p. 7. Culture and Society An old lady came out. Read more on Te Ara. It makes extensive use of contributions to QuakeStories, a website established by the Ministry for Culture and Heritage in 2011. 2010 Canterbury Earthquake. For example, 3 News reported that between 4.35 a.m. and 7 a.m. the operators at Christchurch’s 111 Communications Centre, based at the Christchurch Central Police Station, took four or five times the usual number of calls – 788 rather than 172. Around 200 students turned up to the group’s first foray into the community – clearing up liquefaction in the south-western suburb of Halswell. For the severe aftershock of 22 February 2011, see 2011 Christchurch earthquake. Research undertaken with a group of 191 Canterbury residents identified a range of psychological impacts, including fear, anxiety, sleep disturbance, hypervigilance, feelings of ‘being in limbo’ or guilt, and the physical and emotional demands of tending to others. Canterbury Earthquake (Building Act) Order 2010: revoked (after expiring on the close of 16 September 2011), on 19 April 2016, by section 146(2) of the Greater … [4], The earthquake, ongoing aftershocks and their impact on homes, businesses and communities affected the mental health of Cantabrians in a range of ways. Cindy, who was working in a hospital at the time, talks about the many difficulties staff faced that day: It was a long hard sad and frightening shift in the hospital … beds with air mattresses electric bed tilts with remotes … all useless without power … had to manually remove mattresses and put old ones back on beds, had to elevate patients in their beds with pillows and blankets so that they could eat safely, it was sad seeing patients who can't speak express their fear through sweating so much their bandaids would come off, we were extremely short staffed as the phone lines were out so we didn‘t know if our fellow colleagues were safe and the frightening thing was the waiting and uncertainty of was it going to happen again!http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/527/story/. The earthquake struck at lunchtime, when many people were on the city streets. Home Images and media photos Car crushed in September 2010 Canterbury earthquake Car crushed in September 2010 Canterbury earthquake Although no deaths were caused directly by the 7.1-magnitude earthquake of 4 September 2010, damage to buildings and personal property was considerable. The aim of this study was to investigate causes of injury during the 2010/2011 Canterbury earthquakes. Not everyone was at home. 115 people died in the Canterbury Television (CTV) building; 18 people died in the Pyne Gould Corporation (PGC) building; 8 people died on buses in the central city; 28 people died in other areas of the central city; 12 people died in … It was 4.35 a.m. when they were awakened abruptly. In late 2010 and in 2011, Canterbury endured a series of major earthquakes. The Canterbury earthquake sequence began on September 4, 2010 with a magnitude 7.1 quake. 756-63, Ian Stuart, Quake: the big Canterbury earthquake of 2010, Harper Collins, Auckland, 2010, The Press, The big quake: Canterbury, September 4, 2010, Random House New Zealand, Auckland, 2010. Around six months later, at 12:51 pm on 22 February 2011, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake hit south-east of Christchurch. The Canterbury District Health Board also noted an increase in admissions to cardiac services in the days immediately after the earthquake. An old man sat outside; we spoke briefly with him, then my flatmate knocked on the door. Canterbury Earthquake (Building Act) Order 2010: revoked (after expiring on the close of 16 September 2011), on 19 April 2016, by section 146(2) of the Greater … M 7.2 Darfield (Canterbury) Sat, Sep 4 2010 The Darfield earthquake caused severe building damage in mid-Canterbury, particularly to the city of Christchurch. It was really nice to see everyone come together….http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/519/story/. This threat became grim reality on 22 February 2011. 48, no. Widely felt over the South Island and the southern North Island, it caused considerable damage in central Canterbury, especially in Christchurch. 8-9; ‘Christchurch quake blamed for death’, Herald on Sunday, 12 September 2010; ‘First Christchurch quake victim’s family share the pain’, Herald on Sunday, 4 September 2011. It revealed the existence of a hidden west-east fault under the gravels of the Canterbury Plains. Want to share your experience of the September earthquake? The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 people in the nation's fifth-deadliest disaster. The chimneys we took down were the ones that would fall over and go through someone’s roof or fall onto a pathway where there could be people walking, so we had all these sorts of things.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/515/story/, Following the 4 September 2010 earthquake, Canterbury University student Sam Johnson set up a Facebook page on which he called for volunteers to help with recovery efforts. Saturday morning's earthquake in Canterbury had many similarities to the January 2010 earthquake that struck Haiti. Most were of magnitude 3 or below and caused no significant additional damage, but their constant occurrence took a toll on the region’s residents. [2] ‘Quake directly beneath Christchurch’, Press, 27 December 2010. One was hit by a falling chimney while the other was seriously injured by broken glass. new zealand, news; disaster, earthquake, photos; Leave a comment; On Saturday morning, Christchurch – my home town – had the largest earthquake in recorded New Zealand history. Liquefaction happens when shaking pushes underground water upwards, making solid ground behave like quicksand. And we gave the best advice. The earthquake occurred more than five months after the September 4, 2010 earthquake of a 7.1 magnitude (in which no one died), and is considered to be an aftershock. September 28 – A landslide kills at least 7 people in Oaxaca, Mexico. Due to the massive destruction that followed, the earthquake was extensively studied, and the reason behind the same was understood. Arrivals to Christchurch have totalled 2,800 since the February earthquake, compared with 3,700 during the same period in 2010. The 2010 Canterbury earthquake was a powerful 7.1 magnitude earthquake, which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 4:35 am September 4, 2010 local time (16:35 3 September UTC). [9] Stan Darling and Jackie Watson, Kaiapoi shakes: interviews with Kaiapoi residents affected by the September 2010 earthquake, Jackie Watson, Christchurch, 2012, pp. Most Cantabrians were at home and asleep when the 7.1-magnitude earthquake struck the region before dawn on Saturday 4 September 2010. Most Cantabrians were at home and asleep when the 7.1-magnitude earthquake struck the region before dawn on Saturday 4 September 2010. The epicentre of the Canterbury earthquake was near the town of Darfield, and felt throughout the South Island and as far north as New Plymouth. Beckera, D.M. On 4 September 2010, Canterbury experienced the first of a series of earthquakes that caused widespread damage to the region’s infrastructure and serious disruption to the lives of its people. http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/184/story/I remember vaguely thinking that the noise on our roof sounded like hundreds of heavy footed birds landing on the corrugated iron. Railway lines buckled and had to be repaired before trains could use them. Still, many thousands of people faced a massive clean-up, the rebuilding of their homes and businesses, and a lengthy process of physical and psychological recovery - while being jolted by aftershocks, and living in fear of another large earthquake. 1-3, Earthquake, September 4, 2010, The Star and APN Print, Christchurch, 2010, David Johnston et al., ‘The 2010/2011 Canterbury Earthquakes: context and cause of injury’, Natural Hazards, January 2014, Miles Parker and Daan Steenkamp, ‘The economic impact of the Canterbury earthquake’, Reserve Bank of New Zealand Bulletin, vol. Others were injured during aftershocks or while cleaning up their properties. 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They scored significantly lower than the general population on a range of indicators - from mental health and vitality to social functioning and role limitations due to emotional problems. This report has been prepared by the Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Limited (GNS Science) exclusively for and under contract to Christchurch City Council. 3, September 2012. 75, no. By the time a devastating 6.3-magnitude earthquake – itself, in seismic terms, an aftershock – struck Christchurch on 22 February 2011, the region had experienced thousands. This timeline lists events and actions related to the September 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake and its immediate aftermath. One truck started at East, one started at West, and the van we sent around to Rapaki and Corsair Bay, just to do a circuit, to make sure no one was in dire straits of any degree. This post uses images provided by Malcolm Teasdale of Kiwirail to show the kine buckling that occurred on a railway track at the point that it crossed area of the surface fault expression close to Rolleston at the east end of the fault system. At least 65 people have died after a 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch on New Zealand's South Island, Prime Minister John Key says, with fears that the toll will rise. Mark Darbyshire, who was flatting in Riccarton, was one of many people whose thoughts quickly turned to the elderly and vulnerable: Our first priority was to check on our neighbours, so I donned slippers and a jacket. Disasters The page quickly gained thousands of fans, many of whom committed themselves to helping with the clean-up. It was centred 40 km west of Christchurch, near the town of Darfield, at a depth of 10 km. Rossiter, ‘An overview of the impacts of the 2010-2011 Canterbury earthquakes’, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 2015, Geoff Rice, All fall down: Christchurch’s lost chimneys, Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, 2011, Casey Rowney, Panteá Farvid and Chris G. Sibley, ‘I laugh and say I have “earthquake brain!”’: resident responses to the September 2010 Christchurch earthquake’, New Zealand Journal of Psychology, vol. Facts – ChristchurchEarthquake • When – 22nd Feb 2011 – 12.51pm • Magnitude – 6.3 • Centred – 10km South East of the city at a depth of 5km • (Believed to be an aftershock of initial quake on the 4th Sept 2010 which was a 7.1 Magnitude) Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. If the Canterbury earthquake had occurred at 4:53pm, as it did in Haiti, the number of deaths and serious injuries would surely be much higher. Most people in Christchurch got their power back on in the few days after the quake, but some people had to wait longer, especially those in rural areas. We didn’t get much sense out of them, but were informed that there were people crying inside. Everything was fine and then I suppose it took a good hour or so, even an hour and a half after daylight before people looked at their houses and realised there were a few issues, so that’s when we started our turnouts and we were doing chimneys, retaining walls, hot water cylinders, foundations of houses. We did about 185 chimneys, we either made secure or we took down, so most of them had to be taken down, well probably a 50-50 split to be perfectly honest. It has been known as the Greendale, Darfield, Rolleston, September or Canterbury Earthquake. During the first 30-second jolt, family members and flatmates called out to each other and parents stumbled out of beds and down hallways to get to their children. The earthquake was part of a sequence which began in September 2010 and continued with magnitude 5+ earthquakes until December 2011. The September earthquake inflicted a wide range of damage on buildings – everything from minor spills and breakages to structural damage to foundations, walls and roofs. No deaths are reported. M 7.2 Darfield (Canterbury) Sat, Sep 4 2010. This citation is automatically generated and … Some cars were speeding and the road was becoming more treacherous as tarseal lifted and gaps in the road grew.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/4/story/. This article has been written by Molly Mcintosh. [9]. English: 2010 Canterbury earthquake was a 7.1 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 16:35 3 September UTC. A magnitude 7.1 earthquake occurred near Christchurch at 4.35 a.m. on Saturday 4 September 2010. Power, water and phone lines were all affected. BiblioWeb: app03 Version 3.26.0 Last updated 2021/01/20 06:52, Kete Christchurch: Canterbury earthquakes 2010 2011, Christchurch City Libraries' Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It expired in April 2012. A recent post was centred on images of the fault rupture of the September 2010 Canterbury earthquake in New Zealand. Research about the effects of the September earthquake on a group of 191 Canterbury residents highlights the psychological impact of the aftershocks: After the main earthquake, accounts of ongoing trepidation related to the aftershocks and concern of another earthquake happening were reported…. Aftershocks continued for months after the September quake. Over the next two weeks the group, which began calling itself the Student Volunteer Army, ‘provided safe and organized volunteer placement, transport, food, and support for over 2500 students’. Writing a week after the September earthquake, Selena revealed that she found it hardest to cope at night: So that’s my week so far, nights are the worst, I’m not sure if it’s because the earthquake hit at night or if it would be the same if it was during the day. 49-59. Clock stopped after September 2010 earthquake. And then I thought ‘My children are in Wellington! Canterbury Earthquakes 2010/11 Port Hills Slope Stability: Risk assessment for Quarry Road C. I. Massey B. Lukovic F. Della Pasqua W. Ries T. Taig D. Heron. During the first 30-second jolt, family members and flatmates called out to each other and parents stumbled out of beds and down hallways to get to their children. Two men in their fifties sustained major injuries. As well as damaging properties and the local economy, the earthquake had both physical and psychological effects on Canterbury residents. It is the first in a series of earthquakes between 2010 and 2012 that resulted in the deaths of 187 people and over $40 billion worth of damage. Since the Canterbury earthquakes of 2010 and 2011, earthquake readiness has become even more of an issue, with buildings declared by Wellington City … At 4.35am on Saturday 4 September 2010, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake struck near the township of Darfield in Canterbury leading to widespread damage in Christchurch and the wider central Canterbury region. It was 4.35 a.m. when they were awakened abruptly. 2). [8] Miles Parker and Daan Steenkamp, ‘The economic impact of the Canterbury earthquake’, Reserve Bank of New Zealand Bulletin, vol. This short lecture introduces you to some of the ways that the Canterbury earthquakes have impacted the city of Christchurch, New Zealand. We followed a 4×4 across the bridge and only just made it in our sedan with the car scraping over the gaps. [8] Rachel Harre and Frank Malone operated Fragments of Grace gallery in Kaiapoi, which was badly affected by the September quake. Glassey, S., Wilson, T.M. In the early hours of Saturday morning on 4 September 2010, people in Christchurch and the surrounding Canterbury region were jolted awake by the most damaging earthquake in New Zealand since the deadly magnitude 7.8 Hawke's Bay (Napier) earthquake in 1931.There was one important difference-this time there has been no loss of life. Then there was a roaring sound, and terrible shaking which got progressively worse and worse. Most people were in bed, and many older buildings had undergone seismic strengthening. Writing to Mana Magazine after the February 2011 earthquake, Lill’s sister, Gloria, told of the family’s pain that Lill’s death had not been recognised, even though an interim coroner’s finding stated that she ‘had died from sudden cardiac arrest caused by a major stress situation – the earthquake’. English: 2010 Canterbury earthquake was a 7.1 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 16:35 3 September UTC. Immediately after the September earthquake, the number of international guest nights fell by 6 per cent. Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. Becker, D.M. This will be terrifying!’ knowing with distance it will get smaller, so that was my first reaction. It revealed the existence of a hidden west-east fault under the gravels of the Canterbury Plains. So all of a sudden, the fire brigade became … not the experts, but the go-to people, to come and see if the cracks in my foundation or the cracks in my walls were all right or not. Building Activity and House Sales So far, earthquake-related building consents remain at a low level in Canterbury partly due to insurance issues, continuing aftershocks and the necessary decisions around land viability. DISCLAIMER . It was magnitude 4.9 and 12 kms deep. 2010 Canterbury earthquake September 2010 earthquake in New Zealand. Driving through town, lights were out including traffic lights. Despite their efforts, and those of the ambulance officers who soon arrived, she died on her way to hospital. Strong aftershocks were reported, including ones of magnitude 5.3. Johnston and K.P. Luckily in the Brigade we’ve got builders, quite a few people that are involved with structural work, civil engineering, so we’ve got quite a good make up in the brigade as far as a cross section of people. The epicentre of the 4 September earthquake was near Darfield, a small town 40 km west of Christchurch, but it was felt throughout the Canterbury region and beyond. One person died from a heart attack, possibly caused by the shock of the earthquake, but there were no o… Despite being smaller on the Richter Scale, this second earthquake caused widespread damage and loss of lives. The earthquake shook apart some older unreinforced brick and masonry buildings, and many more lost chimneys, either during the earthquake or through subsequent removal because of the risk they posed. 2010 Canterbury Earthquake 2003 Fiordland Earthquake 2009 Dusky Sound Earthquake What really happened at the 2010 Canterbury earthquake. New zealand and the christchurch earthquake 2 1. [7]. [6]. Individual businesses also suffered badly – whether from damage to stock or buildings, the impact of damage to infrastructure such as roads and utilities, or because of a decline in the demand for their services. In spite of their anxiety, most residents carried on as far as possible with school, work and leisure activities. In the early hours of Saturday morning on 4 September 2010, people in Christchurch and the surrounding Canterbury region were jolted awake by the most damaging earthquake in New Zealand since the deadly magnitude 7.8 Hawke's Bay (Napier) earthquake in 1931. 1.25 times the acceleration due to gravity terror during the main earthquake, everybody had to be looked after April. Sustained lesser injuries for which they sought medical help they ‘ cleared over 65,000 tons of liquefaction ’ knocked. Busy days ahead water before they could use them and the local economy, the cost of repairs and was. Strongly in that region began in September 2010 and 2011, a magnitude of 6.3, and more! Kind of game of guessing their magnitude, depth and location difficult to bear 2010 ) there a... 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Terror during the Day the aftershocks were reported, including ones of magnitude 5.3 strains were most,. Earthquake shaking also produced liquefaction - ‘ a liquid mush ’ of soft sand and silt considerable destruction Christchurch... Major earthquake was a 7.1 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island and in the 2010 earthquake and was in! Of magnitude 5.3 as far away as Timaru and Dunedin - ‘ a liquid mush ’ of sand... Heavy damage in central Canterbury, especially in Christchurch, so we started doing all sorts. That ’ s the beauty of being a volunteer brigade soft sand and silt contact emergency on..., Sep 4 2010 were severely damaged by the dozens and dozens a volunteer brigade her family to. Those able to reach work faced a hectic short-staffed shift and many older buildings had undergone seismic strengthening ] Several! Flooding, damaging buried pipes and Building foundations in the days immediately after 2010 canterbury earthquake deaths earthquake struck lunchtime! 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