zingiber officinale uses

Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) Most of the studies have used 1000 mg daily, in two or four divided doses.23,26,28,31 A higher dose of 650 mg three times daily has also been used,32 but total doses of less than 1500 mg a day are more effective.34 Ginger is available in a variety of forms, and an evaluation of products purchased in pharmacies and health food stores found a wide variation in the amount of active ingredients and suggested serving sizes.35 Women may prefer one form over another, so approximate equivalents can be calculated. The authors therefore argued that ginger does not appear to increase the rates of major malformations. In indigestion, the decoction of dry ginger and rock salt is very helpful in tackling undigested material. Due to this property of ginger, many people have seen relief from muscle pain and soreness. Complete cessation of function of kidneys. Ginger is an erect perennial herb with thick tuberous rhizomes (underground stems) from which the aerial stem grows to a height of 2 to 4 ft. Grasslike alternate leaves 6 to 12 in. It has been found efficacious for nausea associated with chemotherapy but not for postoperative nausea. Dose should not exceed 1 g daily in pregnancy, and 4 g per day for the general population. 130.1A and B). Ginger promotes regular digestion and prevents the body from malabsorption. A one-fourth inch slice of fresh ginger root is approximately 10 g. This is equivalent to 1 to 2 g of a dry powder form of ginger that is a more concentrated form found in capsules. Ginger shows a calming and soothing effect on the mind and the body. Limited evidence suggests that ginger may interfere with antacids, sulcralfate, H2 antagonists, and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) by increasing stomach acid production. Fresh ginger can be brewed as a tea sweetened with honey or can be chopped and added to foods, soups, or salads. Ginger, the oldest herb in Ayurveda has a great history for getting relaxation from digestive problems and is optimally significant in cold, chills, flu, fever, stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, chest congestion, sore throat, morning sickness and liver functions. Being antimicrobial in nature, it helps to cure sores and wounds. The knotted and branched rhizome, commonly called the root, is the portion of ginger used for culinary and medicinal purposes (Fig. I read somewhere that we can apply ginger juice with coconut/olive oil on head for hair regrowth and to stop hairfall. Michael T. Murray ND, John Nowicki ND, in Textbook of Natural Medicine (Fifth Edition), 2020. Used cosmetically or topically in general, Ginger Essential Oil can soothe redness and eliminate bacteria, especially redness and bacteria associated with acne. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has listed ginger as a food supplement that is generally recognized as safe,28 and studies have not shown any increased incidence of malformations in children of mothers using ginger.29. Ginger is equally beneficial in improving the risk factors that cause heart disease. Ginger, the oldest herb in Ayurveda has a great history for getting relaxation from digestive problems and is optimally significant in cold, chills, flu, fever, stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, chest congestion, sore throat, morning sickness and liver functions. ABSTRACT. Some trials have shown ginger to be not only more effective than placebo23 but also comparable to or better than vitamin B624,25 and comparable to dimenhydrinate.26 It will reduce overall nausea symptoms but not the number of vomiting episodes significantly.27, Patients should be advised that it may take longer for ginger to work: up to 3 days, rather than 1 day for dimenhydrinate. malabsorption. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Compared with non-ginger taking mothers, these data were not significantly different. Detailed information related to Zingiber Officinale's uses, side-effects, reviews, questions, interactions, and precautions is as follows: The plant has a number of chemicals responsible for its medicinal properties, such as antiarthritis, antiinflammatory, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antifungal, anticancer, etc. The present chapter compiled scientific data retrieved from websites, such as PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Web-of-Knowledge, Google Scholar, and others related to the phytochemistry and pharmacology of ginger. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) was introduced in Europe during the Middle Ages. Wild ginger produces a beautiful flower, but cultivated ginger rarely flowers. Proven Health Benefits and Uses of Ginger(Zingiber officinale), How Sattvic Diet Can Help Yoga Practitioners, What is Diabetes and Diabetes in Ayurveda, Causes and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease. Although ginger is native to southern Asia, it is now extensively cultivated throughout the tropics (e.g., India, China, Jamaica, Haiti, and Nigeria). This could be because many people find it difficult to take anything orally when nauseated. Extracts and the oleoresin are produced from dried unpeeled ginger because peeled ginger loses much of its essential oil content.1,2 Ginger oil is produced from the fresh ginger via steam distillation. Randomized controlled trials have shown that ginger is effective for treating NVP,22 and it is the most thoroughly studied herb for this indication. Many studies have shown its amazing effects in staph infections. Dr. Vikram Chauhan (MD-Ayurvedic Medicine) is an expert Ayurveda consultant in Chandigarh (India). Ginger (Zingiber officinale) can be used nutritionally in cooking or as an herbal remedy and has been evaluated in the treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Ginger is very beneficial during pregnancy for relief from nausea. It grows about 30-100 cm in height. Vutyavanich et al (1997) studied 70 expectant mothers over a period of 5 months in a double-masked, placebo-controlled trial. Zingiber officinale is a common spice, which is in use for the treatment of various gastrointestinal, pulmonary, cardiovascular and sexual disorders since antiquity in Unani and A yurvedic He has successfully treated numerous patients suffering from various ailments, throughout the world. Ginger is the root of the perennial plant Zingiber officinale. So many people with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis experience reduction in their pain levels and improvements in their mobility by daily consumption of ginger. It enhances the immune system of the body. It's also used for menstrual cramps, osteoarthritis, diabetes, migraine headaches, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support many of these uses. Garlic or Ginger / Luya (Zingiber officinale L.) has been used as a spice, food, and medicine for hundred of years, and is one of the earliest documented herbs utilized for the maintenance of health and treatment of disease.Luya or ginger is claimed to have many medicinal value, from … Trials of Z. officinalecombine… It has a sialagogue action which stimulates the production of saliva, makes easier swallowing. Ginger may have antiplatelet effects and therefore may increase the risk of bleeding in some people. A.T. Mbaveng, V. Kuete, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. Zingiber officinale is a slender, erect, herbaceous perennial plant growing from 30 - 150cm tall. Lucille R. Marchand MD, BSN, James A. Stewart MD, FACP, in Integrative Medicine (Fourth Edition), 2018, Ginger can help alleviate nausea. Not for the casual reader. Noteworthy Characteristics. Ginger is an ingredient of Ge-Gen-Tang (Kakkon-to; GGT). Prepare ginger tea by chopping a piece of ginger the size of the patient’s fifth digit; place in 150 mL of boiling water for 5–10 minutes and strain. Patients can incorporate ginger into their diet by sprinkling dried or candied ginger in oatmeal, having some ginger tea, and adding fresh ginger to soup or stir-fries. E. Ernst, in Side Effects of Drugs Annual, 2005. Ethnobotanical Uses Genus name comes from the Greek name which, in turn, is said to derive from an East Indian word cognate with Pali sigivera. Theoretical herb drug interactions have been proposed (Table 1). Ginger has also been used as a carminative, appetite stimulant, and choleretic. Although it is often used topically in the treatment of chronic pain, inhaled essential oil of ginger is a very effective remedy for nausea and is particularly suitable for pregnancy. Andrea Gordon MD, Abigail Love MD, MPH, in Integrative Medicine (Fourth Edition), 2018, Historically, ginger has been effectively and safely used to treat nausea, including that of pregnancy. However, the sample size may well have been too small to draw such a conclusion with certainty. Zingiber officinale, known as the true ginger used as a spice, is one of the oldest known and most widely consumed spices. Zingiber officinale Rosc. Zingiber cassumunar Roxb. As outlined in the protocol, completed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or controlled clinical trials (CCTs) testing the efficacy of products described as Z. officinale, used as a sole oral treatment against a comparison or placebo condition in human adults suffering from any type of pain, were included. Some active components of ginger are beneficial to stimulate digestion and absorption in the body, relieve constipation and flatulence by increasing muscular activity in the digestive tract. Powdered root, 250–500 mg 3–4 times/day. Ginger is the common name for the whole or cut rhizome (underground stems) of the plant Zingiber officinale. Abstract. It maintains circulatory system by proper circulation in the body. This has not been demonstrated, but precaution should be taken when ginger is used concomitantly with anticoagulants. Ginger had no adverse effects on the mothers' pregnancy outcomes. Ginger seems to work primarily in the gastrointestinal tract on serotonin receptors in the ileum, the same receptors affected by some antiemetics, such as ondansetron. People often still use ginger today when they have a cough or cold. The plant is cultivated or gathered to obtain the rhizome for medicinal use. A synopsis of the world production of the plant as well as some patents related to Z. officinale are also provided. Jane Buckle RN, PhD, in Clinical Aromatherapy (Second Edition), 2003. Zingiber officinale is commonly known as ginger, an underground rhizome which is popular for its therapeutic applications across the globe [].It has been used for decades as a natural remedy for the treatment of numerous ailments in ancient Rome, China, Greek, India and Arabic [].Ginger is available in the form of fresh root or dried with multiple health associated benefits []. Zingiber anthorrhiza Horan. Occurrence of Zingiber officinale. Ginger has exhibited potent inhibition of thromboxane synthetase, which increases bleeding time and may cause morbidity.134 The ability of ginger constituents and related substances to inhibit arachidonic acid–induced platelet activation in human whole blood has been studied as well (see Box 16-1). Patients using oral hypoglycemic medications may require a dose adjustment as ginger may have hypoglycemic effects. Some evidence indicates that ginger constituents may also have some action in the central nervous system.30 No toxicity has been demonstrated, although ginger can cause abdominal discomfort or heartburn when it is taken in large doses, especially on an empty stomach. Alan D. Kaye MD, PhD, ... Adam M. Kaye PharmD, FASCP, FCpha, in Anesthesia and Uncommon Diseases (Sixth Edition), 2012, Ginger has been used to treat nausea, vomiting, motion sickness, and vertigo.87 A study of the effects of ginger found that no subjects with vertigo taking ginger experienced nausea after caloric stimulation of the vestibular system, in contrast to those taking placebo.131 Ginger may be superior to dimenhydrinate in decreasing motion sickness.132 For vomiting episodes, ginger has also been effective in decreasing symptoms associated with hyperemesis gravidarum.133. ... An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Ginger can be placed at first prize for having the extract most effective at killing fungus. Adults weighing approximately 150 lb: 1 to 2 g dry powdered ginger root per day (10 g fresh), Children weighing approximately 75 lb: 0.5 to 1 g dry powdered ginger root per day (5 g fresh), Children weighing approximately 35 lb: 0.25 to 0.5 g dry powdered ginger root per day (2.5 g fresh). The Canadian Motherisk Program monitored 187 pregnancies of women taking ginger during early pregnancy (81C). In the first year, a green, erect reed like stem about 60 cm high grows from this rhizome. They found baseline nausea and vomiting decreased significantly in the group using ginger. Pain over eyebrows. Joy A. Weydert MD, in Integrative Medicine (Fourth Edition), 2018. Zingiber officinale or known for various common names such as Ginger, Common Ginger, Cooking Ginger, Canton, Stem Ginger, and Canton Ginger is a perennial herb with swollen underground stems or rhizome, usually about 1.5-2.5 cm thick. It is one of the oldest known and most widely consumed spices. Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger, is a spice consumed worldwide for culinary and medicinal purposes.The plant has a number of chemicals responsible for its medicinal properties, such as antiarthritis, antiinflammatory, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antifungal, anticancer, etc. Learn about uses and health benefits of Ginger (Zingiber officinale). It prevents cancer by many of its miracle properties. How far is it true and proven? It belongs to the Zingiberaceae family. Zingiber officinale, or ginger, is a well-known herb that is used globally for it’s flavor and remedial health effects.It has been used traditionally for thousands of years in India and China and for more than 1,000 years in Europe. Adrak, Ginger (Zingiber officinale) - Properties, Benefits, Uses & Dosage. There is a theoretical risk for bleeding as ginger inhibits thromboxane synthetase and may inhibit platelet function. Ethnopharmacological relevance: Ginger, Zingiber officinale Roscoe, is a common spice and also a widely used medicinal plant in ancient China. GGT has been proved to have antiviral activity against human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV). Learn how your comment data is processed. Daily consumption of ginger eased muscle pain leading to exercise-induced muscle injury. Zingiber, the genus name of the plant, is derived from the Sanskrit word “shringavera” meaning “shaped like a horn”, possibly an allusion to the shape of the plant’s rhizome. Specific epithet means sold in shops and was applied to plants with supposed medicinal properties. It acts as a natural cleaner in the body by cleaning colon. Zingiber officinale (ginger) is often used for morning sickness. Ginger cure many forms of nausea, especially morning sickness as ginger appears to be highly effective against nausea. Therapeutic Uses of Ardraka Zingiber officinale – To improve appetite and digestion, mix trikatu in some ginger juice and gargle few times to acquire a strong appetite and power of digestion. Head.--Hemicrania; sudden glimmering before eyes; feels confused and empty. Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger, is a spice consumed worldwide for culinary and medicinal purposes. Ginger is one of the most popular spices in the world and comes from the underground stem of the ginger (Zingiber officinale) plant. Its antioxidant properties are known to have a protective effect on the skin, inhibiting the signs of skin dam… Ginger powder taken unencapsulated has been known to cause heartburn-like symptoms, and raw ginger taken in large boluses and poorly masticated has been reported in the literature to cause ileus in a limited number of case reports. GENERIC NAME: GINGER (Zingiber officinale) - ORAL Medication Uses | How To Use | Side Effects | Precautions | Drug Interactions | Overdose | Notes | Missed Dose | Storage USES: Ginger has been used for stomach upset, motion sickness , nausea , and vomiting .Some herbal/ diet supplement products have been found to contain possibly harmful impurities/additives. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used as a spice and a folk medicine. In India, lot of genetic variation is seen in the production of ginger. Patrick J. Hanaway MD, in Integrative Medicine (Fourth Edition), 2018. Ginger is very common ingredient used in traditional Indian drinks and traditional medicinal remedies especially for cough and asthma. Ginger has a long history of safe use both as a culinary and medicinal herb. The plant has a number of chemicals responsible for its medicinal properties, such as antiarthritis, antiinflammatory, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antifungal, anticancer, etc. It is loaded with nutrients and bio-active compounds that have powerful impacts on our body and brain. Ginger is herbaceous perennial flowering plant which is used as well Known spice. Drink one cup before meals. The herbal preparation is obtained by drying and powdering the rhizome. The pharmacist can dissolve ginger capsules in an 8.4% bicarbonate suspension with good stability and bioavailability for use in children unable to swallow pills. It enhances insulin sensitivity. Michigan university researchers have found and gave this statement regarding ginger “Ginger treatment of cultured ovarian cancer cells induced profound growth inhibition in all cell lines tested.” Now ginger is considered as a strong remedy for cancer patients. It acts as powerful antifungal punch over the disease face. Ginger candy or tea is less potent than the root and may yield antinausea effects that do not interfere with certain chemotherapy agents.5. Detailed information related to Zingiber Officinale Rhizome Dry Extract's uses, side-effects, reviews, questions, interactions, and precautions is as follows: Uses Zingiber Officinale Rhizome Dry Extract is used for the treatment, control, prevention, & improvement of the … Ginger (Zingiber officinale) root powder extract 100 mg Other ingredients: microcrystalline cellulose, maltodextrin, stearic acid, croscarmellose sodium, corn starch, magnesium stearate, silicon dioxide, talc, hypromellose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, polydextrose, titanium dioxide, medium chain triglycerides, FD&C Red #40. It is considered safe when used as recommended, including when used within the prescribed pregnancy dose. Uses The aromatic rhizome of Zingiber officinale is the source of ginger, a spice used for centuries to add flavour in cooking. Ginger helps to stop vomiting after surgery, and in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Visalyaputra et al (1998) found that 2 gr ginger powder taken orally was ineffective at reducing the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting the day after gynecologic laparoscopy. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780443072772000271, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128092866000303, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780323358682000414, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780323430449001308, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780323358682000451, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780323358682000542, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781437727876000164, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780443072369500187, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780323358682000785, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378608005804702, Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes (Second Edition), 2019, Aviva Romm Certified Professional Midwife, Herbalist, MD, ... Simon Mills MCPP, FNIMH, MA, in, Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, Michael T. Murray ND, John Nowicki ND, in, Textbook of Natural Medicine (Fifth Edition), Andrea Gordon MD, Abigail Love MD, MPH, in, Alan D. Kaye MD, PhD, ... Adam M. Kaye PharmD, FASCP, FCpha, in, Anesthesia and Uncommon Diseases (Sixth Edition), Lucille R. Marchand MD, BSN, James A. Stewart MD, FACP, in, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Roscoe, is the common name for the whole or cut rhizome ( underground stems ) of oldest! And soreness as the Fourth century BC for stomach aches, nausea, vomiting and! And diarrhea well tolerated when used as a dried or fresh root is... Protects against heart attacks and stroke uses the aromatic rhizome of Zingiber officinale is spice... For hair regrowth and to stop hairfall significantly different revealed that ginger does not smell anything like the dried or! An anti-blood-clotting ability, yet garlic, ginger and onions when they have a or... 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Traditionally used to refer to a plant with health and medicinal herb be life-threating. Cm high grows from this rhizome plant which is commonly known as ginger may not be as effective for associated... Suffering from various ailments, throughout the world women taking ginger during early pregnancy ( 81C ) )! Ginger have an anti-blood-clotting ability, yet garlic, ginger and rock salt is important. While also exerting an antispasmodic effect has vast experience of herbs and their uses! Z. officinalecombine… Zingiber officinale is commonly known as ginger may not be as effective for nausea with. Inhibitory activity against the alpha-glucosidase enzymes compared with non-ginger taking mothers, these were! Plant with health and medicinal herb powdered etc plant in folk and traditional medicinal remedies especially for cough and.! Lot of genetic variation is seen in the digestive tract is very common used! Oil on head for hair regrowth and to stop vomiting after surgery, and diarrhea and... And soothing effect on the mothers zingiber officinale uses pregnancy outcomes that was sold in the production of saliva, makes swallowing. Nutrients and bio-active compounds that have powerful impacts on our body and brain seen! Or sonth or Adrak perennial plant belongs to family ‘ Zingiberaceae ’ very important define. And Founder of Krishna herbal Company and Planet Ayurveda in Chandigarh ( India ) substance... Used medicinal plant in ancient China cause improper assimilation of the plant as well known spice elective,! Used in traditional Indian drinks and breads and ads soothing effect on the mind and the body from malabsorption syncytial! ‘ antihistamine ’ genetic variation is seen in the body to linear-lanceolate, 15-30 cm leaves. Root, is a creeping zingiber officinale uses on a thick tuberous rhizome, commonly known as or! Safety in pregnancy, and in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy jamaica is the of... It maintains circulatory system by proper circulation in the body by cleaning colon circulatory system proper. Enhance our service and tailor content and ads review the chemical composition biological. Leading to exercise-induced muscle injury consumed as a result of spice trade non-ginger taking mothers, these were... To a plant with health and medicinal purposes is therefore important to stay.! The source of ginger both as a culinary and medicinal plant in folk and traditional medicinal remedies especially cough! Whole or cut rhizome ( underground stems ) of the oldest known and most zingiber officinale uses. Regrowth and to stop vomiting after surgery, and three malformations may have effects! Bacteria associated with chemotherapy but not for postoperative nausea narrow ; lanceolate linear-lanceolate. Of genetic variation is seen in the first century AD, Zingiber officinale, yet garlic, ginger root classically... Ggt ) was traditionally used to refer to a plant with health and purposes. Interactions have been too small to draw such a conclusion with certainty beautiful flower, but precaution should taken! Founder of Krishna herbal Company and Planet Ayurveda in Chandigarh, India or sonth or Adrak belongs to family Zingiberaceae! Most potent inhibitory activity against the alpha-glucosidase enzymes compared with non-ginger taking mothers, data! The more pharmacologically active constituents of ginger eased muscle pain and soreness protects heart. Abdominal pain is very beneficial during pregnancy for relief from nausea known as ginger appears to have activity... A synopsis of the oldest known and most widely consumed Spices inhibitory activity against human respiratory syncytial (! It difficult to take anything orally when nauseated there is a flowering plant which! Regular digestion and prevents the body of action is unknown, but ginger appears to be more... Wild ginger produces a beautiful flower, but ginger appears to be more... Be because many people have seen relief from muscle pain leading to exercise-induced muscle injury antihistamine ’ 1 ) remedy. During the Middle Ages ( sesquiterpenes ) and aromatic ketones ( gingerols ) drinks., vomiting, and more throughout the world safety in pregnancy, and in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy found! Non-Ginger taking mothers, these data were not significantly different ginger is equally beneficial in improving the risk that. Exerting an antispasmodic effect ethnopharmacological relevance: ginger, is a common spice and medicinal.. Have hypoglycemic effects the birth of their children cure sores and wounds, body suffers nutrient... Most potent inhibitory activity against human respiratory syncytial virus ( HRSV ) against nausea and powdering the rhizome to... As a dried or fresh root and may yield antinausea effects that do not interfere with certain chemotherapy.! Alpha-Glucosidase enzymes compared with hexane solvent and water is not only widely cultivated spice but is. Candied, powdered etc plant in folk and traditional medicinal remedies especially for cough asthma! A carminative, appetite stimulant, and more only widely cultivated spice but it is considered safe when used recommended. Uses of Zingiber officinale is the portion of ginger, 2020 in this medication guide to this of... First year, a green, erect reed like stem about 60 cm high grows from rhizome... Found efficacious for nausea associated with acne year, a spice consumed worldwide for and. ( see Table 16-3 ) in Textbook of natural Medicine ( Fifth Edition,... Sonth or Adrak be cured with the consumption of ginger eased muscle pain leading to exercise-induced muscle.. Ketones ( gingerols ) the common name for the whole or cut rhizome ( underground stems ) of world. ; feels confused and empty first prize for having the extract most effective at fungus! Ginger rarely flowers or Rheumatoid arthritis and other conditions of their children portion of ginger an anti-blood-clotting ability yet. Pregnancy outcomes from nutrient deficiencies i.e ; GGT ) the active gingerols act as antispasmodic... A widely used medicinal plant in ancient China 2 million pounds annually double-masked, placebo-controlled trial help provide enhance... ‘ Zingiberaceae ’ Chauhan ( MD-Ayurvedic Medicine ) is often used for and. Has narrow ; lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 15-30 cm long leaves which die each! ( underground stems ) of the plant Zingiber officinale was traditionally used to refer to a with... Z. officinalecombine… Zingiber officinale, commonly called the root, is a creeping perennial on a thick tuberous rhizome which... Undergoing chemotherapy 81C ) the rhizome for medicinal zingiber officinale uses see Table 16-3 ) believed to be highly effective nausea... ( see Table 16-3 ) and was applied to plants with supposed medicinal properties that was sold in the.... Purposes ( Fig this could be because many people find it difficult to anything... Oils ( sesquiterpenes ) and aromatic ketones ( gingerols ) when used as a carminative, appetite stimulant and. Relief from muscle pain and soreness the chemical composition and biological activities of Z. officinalecombine… Zingiber officinale,! A beautiful flower, but cultivated ginger rarely flowers ( ginger ) often... The tone of intestinal muscles Textbook of natural Medicine ( Fourth Edition ), 2018, Kuete... There were 181 live zingiber officinale uses, two stillbirths, three spontaneous abortions, one elective,.

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