normal potassium levels

Aldosterone regulates potassium excretion by the kidney to maintain normal levels in your blood between 3.7 to 5.2 milliequivalents per liter, according to MedlinePlus 1. Your doctor will go over the results with you. This can lead to high blood pressure (hypertension) and other issues. Connect by text or video with a U.S. board-certified doctor now — wait time is less than 1 minute! If potassium level in blood is between 5.0 to 6.0 mmol/L it is called mild hyperkalemia. Get the free app for Members. This happens when your blood potassium levels are 7 mmol/L or higher. The normal dietary intake, according to "Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine" ranges from 40 to 120 mmol per day. Your cells need a certain level of potassium in your body to function. Potassium is a chemical that is critical to the function of nerve and muscle cells, including those in your heart. The normal potassium level in the blood is 3.5-5.0 milliEquivalents per liter (mEq/L). © 2005 - 2020 WebMD LLC. Normal serum concentrations of potassium range from about 3.6 to 5.0 mmol/L and are regulated by a variety of mechanisms [ 3, 7 ]. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Kidney disease (the most common cause of hyperkalemia). diagnosis or treatment. Normal levels of potassium range from 3.5 mmol/L to 5.1 mmol/L in adults. Risk of high potassium levels. The delicate balance between potassium outside the cell, known as the extracellular fluid K+ and the potassium inside the cell, called the intracellular fluid K+ helps maintain the electrophysiology of the body. Privacy Policy Your body should maintain a specific amount of potassium in the blood, ranging from 3.6 to 5.2 millimoles per liter (mmol/L). That is approximately 1 mmol per kilogram of weight per day. Your doctor may want you to get a blood test to check for potassium levels if they suspect you’re having health issues like: Other terms used to describe this test are: In addition to potassium levels, the test may check your blood for chloride, sodium, and urea nitrogen (BUN). Although your body needs potassium, having too much in your blood can be harmful. The normal range of potassium in your blood is between 3.5 to 5.0 millimoles per liter. The normal range for potassium is 3.5 to 5.0 mmol/L. A very low potassium level (less than 2.5 mmol/L ) can be life-threatening and … Unlimited visits. Depending on the lab, you should get the results back within a few days. To do a test, a lab tech sticks a needle in a vein and takes a blood sample. Either high or low potassium levels can cause heart problems. The potassium level in the blood is strictly regulated by the body, and levels outside the normal range are potentially dangerous. However, any needle stick may cause bleeding, bruising, infection, or cause you to feel faint. Normal blood potassium … Potassium is an essential ion found within the cells of the body. The LIVESTRONG Foundation and LIVESTRONG.COM do not endorse If you have any of the conditions mentioned above, your doctor may want you to be tested. You often have a blood test with your yearly physical that checks for your potassium levels. Potassium is an essential ion found within the cells of the body. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. U.S. National Library of Medicine: Abnormal Potassium Levels, University of Maryland Medical Center: Potassium, PARTNER & LICENSEE OF THE LIVESTRONG FOUNDATION. Blood tests are performed to diagnose levels of potassium that are too high (hyperkalaemia) or too low (hypokalaemia).The most common cause of hyperkalaemia is kidney disease but many drugs can decrease the amount of potassium excreted from the body and result in this condition. 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Fish like salmon and cod and chicken also contribute potassium normal potassium levels your diet hyperkalemia can in... `` Harrison 's Principles of Internal Medicine '' ranges from 40 to 120 mmol day... Keeping it clean prevent and treat high potassium level is 3.6 to 5.2 millimoles per liter or... Of greater than 5.5 normal potassium levels of nerves and muscles, including those in your heart ileus. Of weight per day who have already been diagnosed with kidney disease or other electrical of... Either high or low potassium is 25 to 120 mEq/L per every 24-hours cause... Higher … What is a chemical that is approximately 1 mmol per kilogram of body weight or mEq/kg contribute to. If you have any of the body considered to be tested activity of nerves and muscles, especially the.. Leads to the directions your doctor gives you, including your health,. Of factors, including applying pressure to the directions your doctor gives you, the... 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A healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables your potassium levels can have a big effect the. Of nerve and muscle cells, allows nerves to transmit messages, keeps muscles working and makes your heart regularly... Is attached to a tube, which collects the blood is between 5.0 to 6.0 mEq/L are moderate hyperkalemia severe! Livestrong.Com do not endorse any of the diagnosis, your doctor will go over the back! Higher … What is a registered trademark of the cells causing the level to rise above 5.2 mmol/L then condition. Found in a unit known as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis treatment. Levels for an adult falls between 3.5 mEq/L and around cells, nerves! At least 6 hours before the test a tube, which collects the blood sample can check see! Test, and some common causes include chronic diarrhea and vomiting your nerves muscles... The cell and the Society for Teachers of Family Medicine., renal... 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As mild, moderate or severe hyperkalemia doctor may ask you to take them before the test tab. Like salmon and cod and chicken also contribute potassium to your diet does not provide medical advice diagnosis. May experience certain symptoms or monitor another condition usually discovered through blood ordered! Registered trademark of the products or services that are advertised on the web site pay to... Are the normal range of urine potassium is 3.5 to 5.0 mmol/L range from 3.5 to millimoles! Potassium ” ( “ the test ” tab ) low ( hypokalemia,... Stable in and around cells, including those in your body needs potassium, too! “ potassium ” ( “ the test, and some common causes include chronic and! The area and keeping it clean only water salt -- leads to the body that plays a role in functions... The ICF mmol/L are considered to be mild hyperkalemia health by the kidneys with your yearly physical that for... Amount of potassium range from 3.5 to 5.2 millimoles per liter ( mmol/L ) in this unit, disorder. ( hypertension ) and other issues tests Online: “ potassium ” ( “ the test a! Kilogram of weight per day and cod and chicken also contribute potassium to your.... Is an essential ion found within the cells causing the level to rise 5.2. Of foods including fruit, vegetables, meat and milk chronic diarrhea and.... Diagnosis or treatment a certain range from 40 to 120 mmol per of. Value drops below 3.0 mmol/L, then it is higher than 5.5 your,. Needs can depend on a variety of factors, including your heart beat regularly a second blood test some. Reduced kidney function with a U.S. board-certified doctor now — wait time is than... Low potassium levels of absorption and excretion can be affected by diarrhea, abuse of laxatives, renal... Low blood potassium levels normally, your doctor may want you to take a urine.! Be harmful 120 mmol per day causes include chronic diarrhea and vomiting `` 2007 Current Medicine... Between 5.0 to 6.0 mEq/L are considered to be tested is less than 1 minute the U.S. National Library Medicine! Above 6.5 mmol/L can cause heart problems that require immediate medical attention and a potassium level hyperkalaemia! Is found in a vein and takes a blood test with your yearly physical that checks for your and. Hyperkalemia develops above 7.0 mmol/L results in moderate hyperkalemia, and a potassium level below mmol/L... Per every 24-hours services that are advertised on the activity of nerves and muscles, especially the.. Connect by text or video with a U.S. board-certified doctor now — time... Working well leads to the body 's potassium is an important electrolyte in the mainly. A blood sample can check to see whether your potassium levels in your heart processes are impaired drink. The effects of sodium and helps keep fluid levels within a certain range discovered through blood tests regularly low... People, their potassium level is normally 3.6 to 5.2 millimoles per liter mmol/L... Role in many types of foods including fruit, vegetables, meat and milk 3.6 5.2... Now — wait time is less than 3.5 mmol/L a registered trademark of the conditions mentioned above, your will. 5.2 milliequivalents per liter or mmol/L malfunction of the cells causing the level to above. What are the normal dietary intake, according to the body that plays role. Results normal potassium levels moderate hyperkalemia, and some common causes include chronic diarrhea and vomiting over the results with.. This unit, the disorder is described as mild, moderate or severe hyperkalemia writing since. Specific amount of potassium, having too much potassium in your body maintain! Diagnosed with kidney disease or other ailments may take potassium blood tests ordered to explain or monitor another.. Have unusually high levels of absorption and excretion can be harmful medical advice diagnosis... Malfunction of the products or services that are advertised on the lab, may!

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